🔰 Important Indian Geography Notes 🔰
➨Khangchendzonga National Park (KNP), Sikkim has been inscribed as India’s first “Mixed World Heritage Site” on UNESCO World Heritage List, by fulfilling the nomination criteria under both natural and cultural heritage.
➨The western and southern margins of the lake are fringed by the Eastern Ghats hill range. The lake experiences both Southwest and North-east monsoons. The rare and threatened animal species identified are green sea turtle (EN), dugong (VU), Irrawaddy dolphin (VU), blackbuck (NT), Spoon-billed sandpiper (CR), limbless skink and fishing cat (EN) and 24 mammalian species were reported.
➨The Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve situated in Uttaranchal. The major forest types of the reserve are temperate. The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve possesses different habitat types, unspoiled areas of natural vegetation types with several dry scrubs, dry and moist deciduous, semievergreen and wet evergreen forests, evergreen sholas, grasslands, and swamps.
➨Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park is a national park of India near Wandoor on the Andaman Islands. It belongs to the South Andaman administrative district, part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
➨The Ghepan Lake is located in Himachal Pradesh.
➨Red soils are found in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand and southern Maharashtra region.
➨El Nino is a warm ocean current that refers to the large-scale ocean atmosphere climate interaction linked to aperiodic warming in sea surface temperatures across the central and east-central Equatorial Pacific.
➨Puri (Odisha) is the most likely to experience cyclones. Being a coastal state Odisha is the geographical location of low pressure most of the time and more prone to cyclones.
➨The word Karewa in Kashmiri dialect means, the “elevated table-land.”The Karewas in Kashmir valley are some thick lacustrine deposits (367 meters). They cover the area between the Jhelum alluvium in the north and Pir Panjal mountains in the south and are suitable for cultivating Saffron.
➨Laterite soil mainly formed in hot and wet tropical areas and found mostly in Karnataka.
➨Humus, Phosphoric Acid, Organic matter and lime are abundantly present in Alluvial soil but it is deficient in Potash.