GK 

✅ NOBLE PRIZE WINNER 2021

🏆 NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE 2021
🔷 David Julius (USA)
🔷 Ardem Patapoutian (USA)

♦️ For their discoveries of receptors for temperature and touch

🏆 NOBLE PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2021
🔷 Syukuro Manabe (Japan)
🔷 Klaus Hasselmann (Germany)
🔷 Giorgio Parisi (Italy)

🏆 NOBLE PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2021
🔷 Benjamin List (Germany)
🔷 David W.C. MacMillan (USA)

♦️For the development of asymmetric organocatalysis

🏆 NOBLE PRIZE IN LITERATURE 2021
🔷 Abdulrazak Gurnah (Tanzania)

🏆 NOBLE PRIZE IN PEACE 2021
🔷 Dmitry Muratov (Russia)
🔷 Maria Ressa (Philippines)

🏆 NOBEL PRIZE IN ECONOMICS 2021
🔷 David Card (USA)
🔷 Joshua D. Angrist (USA)
🔷 Guido W. Imbens (USA)

✅ FACTS ABOUT NOBEL PRIZE

♦️First awarded : 1901
♦️Fields (6) : Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, Peace and Economic
♦️Country : Sweden (all prizes except the Peace Prize); Norway (Peace Prize only)
♦️ Memory of Sir Alfred Nobel (Sweden) founder of the Nobel Prize (invention of dynamite)

🔷 Malala Yousafzai is the youngest Nobel Laureates who got the Peace Prize in 2014 at the age of just 17 years with Kailash Satyarthi

🔷 John B. Goodenough is the oldest recipient of this prize in Chemistry 2019 at the age of 97 years.

🔷 John Bardeen is the only Nobel Laureate who has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics twice, in 1956 and 1972.

🔷 Marie Curie is the only one woman who has been honoured twice, with the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics and the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

🔷 Frederick Sanger is the only Nobel Laureate who has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry twice, in 1958 and 1980

🔷 Switzerland-based International Committee of the Red Cross is the only 3-time recipient of the Nobel Prize, being conferred with Peace Prize in 1917, 1944, and 1963

🔷 Rabindra Nath Tagore was the first Indian to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913 for his poetry collection Gitanjali.

🔷 Noble Prize categories are physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, peace and economics, the last being introduced in 1968.

🔷 Linus Pauling is the only person to have been awarded two unshared Nobel Prizes – the 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry and the 1962 Nobel Peace Prize

✅ 9 INDIANS HAVE SO FAR WON THE NOBLE PRIZE
🔶 1. Rabindranath Tagore (1913, Literature)
🔶 2. CV Raman (1930, Physics)
🔶 3. Har Gobind Khorana (1968, Medicine)
🔶 4. Mother Teresa (Peace, 1979)
🔶 5. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1983, Physics)
🔶 6. Amartya Sen (1998, Economics)
🔶 7. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (2009, Chemistry)
🔶 8. Kailash Satyarthi (2014, Peace)
🔶 9. Abhijit Vinayak Banerjee (2019, Economics)

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